About Blood Sugar Level
Blood Sugar Level can also be called Blood Glucose Level. It is the concentration of glucose in the blood of humans and other animals.
Furthermore, glucose is a simple sugar. And, about 4 grams of glucose is in the blood of a 70-kilogram (150 lb) human at every time.
Additionally, the body closely monitors blood glucose levels as a part of metabolic homeostasis. It also stores glucose as glycogen in the skeletal muscle and liver cells.
The normal value ranges may be slightly different among laboratories. Numerous factors can affect a person’s blood sugar level.
However, the body’s homeostatic mechanism of blood sugar regulation when operating normally restores the blood sugar level to a narrow range of approximately 4.4 to 6.1 mmol/L (79 to 110 mg/dL).
There are abnormalities associated with Blood Sugar Levels. They are:
Also, blood sugar levels higher than 300mg/dL can be fatal. This is because Ketones will be very high (a magnitude above that of eating a very low carbohydrate diet) hence causing ketoacidosis.
The most popular cause of hyperglycemia is diabetes. Whenever this is the case, physicians usually suggest anti-diabetic medication to treat it.
According to most patients, treatment with an old, well-explained diabetes drug such as metformin will be the safest, most effective, least expensive, most comfortable route to managing the condition.
According to most patients, treatment with old, well-understood diabetes drugs like Metformin is the safest, most effective, least expensive, most comfortable route to managing the condition
Also, a change in diet and exercise implementation can also be part of a treatment plan for diabetes.
Furthermore, there are mechanisms that restore satisfactory blood glucose levels after severe hypoglycemia (below 40 mg/dL). They must be fast and effective to prevent serious consequences of insufficient glucose like confusion or unsteadiness and loss of consciousness and seizures in extreme cases (below 15 mg/dL).
Without overlooking the serious conditions and risks hyperglycemia can cause, it is usually even more dangerous to have too little glucose, especially if the blood levels are too low temporarily. This is because glucose is very important for metabolism, nutrition and the proper functioning of body organs.
This is mainly the case for organs that are metabolically active or that need constant, regulated supply of blood sugar. The Brain and Liver are examples.
Additionally, in healthy people, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are usually quite effective. And, symptomatic hypoglycemia is usually found only in diabetics using insulin or other pharmacological treatment. It is also in starvation or serious malnutrition or malabsorption, and conditions such as anorexia.
Hypoglycemic episodes can be very different amongst people, and at times, both in severity and swiftness of onset.
For very serious cases, quick medical assistance is needed. This is because damage to the brain and other tissues and even death result from sufficiently low blood-glucose levels.
Why Should You Know Your Blood Sugar Level?
A lot of people pay little or no attention to their blood sugar level. On hearing ‘blood sugar,’ we usually think it relates to diabetics only.
Well, this relates to everyone who has blood flowing in their veins. Furthermore, as many that consume foods that contain sugar should have an idea of blood sugar.
As a result, many become victims to many blood sugar related ailments or discover that their blood sugar level has an effect on their health.
Do you ever wonder why your heart beats too fast at times, without doing any strenuous activity? Why you frequently urinate, get drowsy easily, feel nauseatic, feel extremely hungry, and easily irritable? This could be a result of low or high blood sugar.
High blood sugar levels could pose some risks to persons if not properly taken care of. Here are some risks one may suffer if the blood sugar level is too high:
#1. Heart Disease Or Heart Attack
From research, high blood sugar causes stronger contraction of blood vessels. Also, there is a protein that associates with sugars that increases contraction.
A heart attack happens when an artery that provides blood to the heart blocks. High blood sugar at the time of a heart attack could make this blockage really serious thereby causing the artery to contract, and results in a higher risk of complications.
#2. Kidney Damage
High blood sugar can lead to the injuring of small blood vessels in the body. Furthermore, it causes injuries in the blood vessels in the kidneys. This makes your kidneys unable to clean your blood properly.
Consequently, your body retains more water and salt than normal. This causes weight gain, swelling of the ankles, and protein in the urine. Also, waste materials build up in your blood.
#3. Nerve Damage
Nerves in different parts of the body receive injuries due to high blood sugar. Often it damages nerves in your legs and feet. Its symptoms can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet.
#4. Eye Damage
High blood sugar can lead to damage to small blood vessels over time. This damage can lead to problems with the retina. This can cause blurred vision.
Also, blurriness occurs for a different reason. Fluids can move into and out of the eye because of high blood sugar levels. This causes the lens of the eye to swell.
With time, the shape changes, blurriness results, because the lens focuses light onto the back of the eye.
#5. Skin Problems
High blood sugar can cause different skin complications or diseases. Some of these effects of low or high blood sugar on the skin are:
This might be a rare case. However, for people with high blood sugar, blisters can suddenly appear on their skin. Also, it may be a group of blisters, a large blister or both.
Furthermore, these blisters are likely to form on the forearms, feet, hands or legs. They look like blisters from a serious burn.
However, they are not as painful as blisters from a burn.
As for how to take action regarding this condition, tell a doctor about the blisters. You will definitely want to take steps to prevent an infection.
To deal with this, talk with your doctor about how to better you can control your diabetes.
This skin condition usually begins as small raised solid bumps that look like pimples. After some time, these bumps become patches hard skin and then swell.
Also, these patches can be, reddish, yellow or brown. Additionally, you might also notice that:
- You can see blood vessels.
- The skin disease experiences cycles. It can be active, inactive, and then active again.
- You might experience itchy and painful skin.
- There is a shiny porcelain-like appearance around the skin.
To tackle this condition, get tested for diabetes if you have not been diagnosed.
Next, work with your doctor to better control your diabetes.
Finally, see a dermatologist for your skin. Necrobiosis lipoidica is harmless, but it can cause complications.
Parts Of Skin Get Dark and Feel Like Velvet
A dark patch of velvety skin on the back of your neck, groin, armpit, or elsewhere might mean you have too much insulin in your blood.
Furthermore, the medical name for this skin condition is Acanthosis Nigricans. It is usually a sign of prediabetes.
In addition, to deal with this condition, start by taking a diabetes test.
There are other skin problems that can arise are:
- Skin Infections
- Hard, Thickening Skin
- Open Sores and Wounds
- Shin Spots
- The Outbreak of Small Reddish-Yellow Bumps
- Red or Skin Colored Raised Bumps
- Extremely Dry Itchy Skin
- Yellowish Scaly Patches On and Around Your Eyelids
- Skin Tags
Low blood sugar poses some risks if not properly attended to. These risks include:
It can cause seizures and brain damage. Hypoglycemic or insulin shock is severe and makes you become unconscious.
An episode of low blood sugar will not be enough to make you have seizures. This happens when one has had this condition for a long period of time.
Drowsiness And Unclear Thinking
There are mental symptoms but people may not be aware of them. They can be more dangerous, They might get nervous. They might have trouble concentrating or thinking clearly and mood swings.
Furthermore, they might not be able to do simple things easily because of trouble with concentration. It can also be because of issues with confusion generally.
In addition, there is a constant feeling of drowsiness: being lethargic and continually sleepy.
You might also notice that you have clammy skin even though your body is not hot. In addition, your skin might appear pale and you might also have chills.
Another risk of this condition is that it makes one feel generally weak, lightheaded and dizzy. These are also part of the early signs of Hypoglycemia.
In addition, this can lead to the person falling or stumbling, especially if this person enters a spell of dizziness.
Another risk of having this condition is Hunger. It can be a medium through which your body lets you know you should eat to boost your sugar level.
A healthy pancreas releases a hormone called Glucagon in response to low blood sugar. Also, it makes the body release stress hormones like Epinephrine which can give you the early warning signs of this health condition.
Frequent episodes of low blood sugar change the response of hormones in the body of people who have Diabetes.
Because of this, they may not even know something is wrong with their bodies.
Tapping Into Glucose Reserves
This is another risk of this health condition to your body. Hormones make the liver to tap into its glucose reserve and then release it back into the bloodstream. It does this to increase blood sugar levels.
Some other risks of low blood sugar are listed below:
- Blurred Vision
- Tingling Around The Mouth
- Sleep Disturbances
- Mood Changes
- Loss of Consciousness
- Food Aversion
- Rapid Heartbeat
- Visual Disturbances
How To Lower Your Blood Sugar Immediately
There are a lot of ways you can lower your blood sugar immediately:
Consult a doctor on how much rapid-acting insulin you should take when your blood sugar is high.
Also, check your blood sugar about 15 to 30 minutes after giving insulin to ensure your it is going down and that it’s not too low.
Physical activities make the body need glucose for energy. Hence, the cells give glucose to the muscles, and blood sugar levels usually drop.
Also, you will have to engage in exercise that makes your heart pump faster than usual. An example is walking for exercise at a fast enough rate.
Drinking water can help your body release more urine and hence blood glucose. However, drinking too much water if you have heart or kidney problems could be harmful.
Eat A High-Protein Snack
Even though it may not seem correct to eat to lower blood sugar, high-protein foods can be very helpful in stabilizing it. It is important to eat foods high in protein, not in carbohydrates.
A handful of almonds or a piece of turkey are very good examples of such foods.
It is important to note that this method will not lower your blood sugar as fast as insulin.
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